The Oratorio de San Felipe Neri (“Oratory of San Felipe Neri”), in addition to its artistic interest, has a special historical significance for being the headquarters of the Courts. Here, the first Spanish Constitution were elaborated in 1812.
Opened in the early 18th century, it was remodelled in later years after the damage caused by the tsunami in 1755.
On the outside of the temple, there are numerous tombstones dedicated to the twelve year deputies. They were mostly placed in 1912, on the occasion of the first centenary of the Cortes of Cadiz.
There is an elliptical floor plan with seven chapels, luxuriously decorated. The main altarpiece is also noteworthy, in rococo style and presided over by a painting by Murillo.
The building beside the Oratory of San Felipe is the Constitution of 1812 Interpretive Centre.
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