Plaza de España (“Spain Square”) is one of the most iconic and well known places of the city of Cadiz. In the centre, surrounded by gardens, the Monument to the Courts is located.
Built in the early 20h century, it commemorates the Constitution of 1812 and was designed by sculptor Aniceto Marinas and architect Modesto Lopez Otero. It has a hemicycle shape looking towards the pier. Its structure is formed, in the lower level, by the Chamber and an empty presidential chair. Several inscriptions mark the top of this Chamber.
In each arm, equestrian statues of peace and war appear in bronze. In the centre there is a pilaster which rises to finish in allegorical figures holding the constitutional text. At the foot of this pilaster, a matron appears, representing Spain. On both sides, sculptures of agriculture and citizenship stand out. You will find Hercules behind, as well as the names of the most leading members.
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